Physiology
Physiology and Health 

The physiology and health team within the Cardiff School of Sport are engaged in a wide range of research. Staff interests span the entire physiology spectrum with colleagues examining the physiology underpinning elite performance through to the use of exercise as a health tool.

Our work falls into three thematic areas:

 

1) Training science

 

Recent or Ongoing Projects

 

  • The physiological capacity of spinal injured athletes performing hand-cycling exercise.
  • The impact of playing surface on the development of fatigue.
  • The acute and chronic effect of ultra-endurance exercise upon the heart.
  • The immune response to exercise in able-bodied athletes and those with physical impairments.
  • The acute impact of resistance exercise on blood pressure and cardiac mechanics.
  • The ergogenic effects of intravenous Actovegin® administration during graded, exhaustive exercise.
  • Polymorphisms of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE I/D) and their distribution in developing young adult Rugby Union players
  • Geometry of the femoral neck and the lumbar spine: the effect of atypical high-impact modalities between playing units in young adult male Rugby Union players.

 

2) The role of exercise in the management of chronic disease and disability

 

Recent or Ongoing Projects

 

  • The use of functional electrical stimulated exercise upon vascular structure and function in people with spinal cord injury.
  • The impact of exercise upon cardiac mechanics in post-MI patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation.
  • The use of novel cardiac biomarkers to predict outcome from cardiac rehabilitation.
  • Using 2D speckle tracking echocardiography at rest and during exercise to assess ventricular mechanics in diabetic heart failure.

 

3) Pediatric exercise physiology

 

Recent or Ongoing Projects

 

  • Development and trainability of the stretch-shortening cycle during childhood.
  • The influence of fitness and maturational status upon left ventricular cardiac function at rest and during exercise
  • Development and trainability of maximal sprint speed during childhood.