Azerbaijan is in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia. The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established in 1918, but was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920. Azerbaijan regained independence in 1991.
Azerbaijan is known for having nine of the 11 existing ecological zones, however much of the country is temperate year-round. Nation-wide the average temperature for the year is 14-15°C. The Caucasus Mountains protect the country from the Arctic air masses that affect Russia in winter while the Caspian Sea shields it from the hot, dry air of Central Asia in the summer.
A relatively high percentage of Azerbaijanis have obtained some form of higher education, most notably in scientific and technical subjects. In the 21st century, a new oil and gas boom helped to improve the situation in the Azerbaijan's science and technology sectors, and the government launched a campaign aimed at modernization and innovation.
In 2008, Azerbaijan was cited as the top reformer by the World Bank's Doing Business report and the GDP growth rates observed in Azerbaijan during recent years made the country one of the fastest growing economies in the world.
The culture of Azerbaijan has developed as a result of many influences. Today, Western influences, including globalized consumer culture, are strong and national traditions are well preserved in the country. Azerbaijani architecture typically combines elements of East and West. Many ancient architectural treasures have even been submitted on the UNESCO World Heritage tentative list. Freestyle wrestling has been traditionally regarded as Azerbaijan's national sport although nowadays the most popular sports in Azerbaijan are football and chess. *
EU funded Scholarship Opportunities are available to Cardiff Metropolitan University students and graduates (from bachelor to post-doctorate level) in all schools, as well as academic and administrative staff, through Erasmus Mundus. Cardiff Metropolitan University is directly involved in the following Erasmus Mundus project with Azerbaijan:
To find out about other Erasmus Mundus projects that Cardiff Met are involved in, please click here.
All travel will be according to FCO Travel Advice. Please visit the FCO for the latest travel advice.
* Source: Wikipedia