Assessment and Intervention 

This area of research seeks to investigate a variety of interventions and examine their effectiveness in terms of both process and outcome evaluation.

There are a number of projects within this domain, for example, the Supporting Offenders through Restoration Inside programme and evaluation of the Control of Violence in Angry Impulsive Drinkers.

CURRENT PROJECTS
  • Evaluation of COVAID (Control of Violence for Angry Impulsive Drinkers)
    This project seeks to evaluate an intervention which is officially accredited for use in prisons in England & Wales and is currently running in two prison sites in South Wales. The pilot study is funded by the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) Cyrmu for £30,000k. An application for further funding has been submitted to conduct a randomised controlled trial at the two sites in South WalesIt is intended to be a 3 year programme in total which will pilot, refine and ultimately recruite over 200 prisoners. The primary outcome is violent reconviction, the process of change will be measured by anger expression and controlled drinking self-efficacy.

    Collaborators Professor Mary McMurran, Nottingham University, UK
    Dr Siriol David, Head of Psychological Services, NOMS Cymru

    Advisors
    Professor David Cohen, Director of Wales Health Economics Support Service (WHESS)

    Selected Publications
    Bowes, N., Sutton, A., Jenkins, S., McMurran, M. (in press). The alcohol treatment needs of violent and non-violent prisoners. British Journal of Forensic Practice.

    Grant applications
    European Research Advisory Board bid made for the evaluation of an alcohol and violence intervention (COVAID). Awaiting decision.

    Members
    J Sellen
    N Bowes


  • SORI (Supporting Offenders through Restoration Inside) programme
    This is a new project with seed funding from NOMS Cymru. SORI is a restorative justice programme run at HMP Cardiff, and we are engaged in evaluating its effectiveness through qualtitative data analysis techniques. Research is conducted in collaboration with staff at HMP Cardiff.

    Trainee
    Sian Lewis, Forensic Psychologist in Training, NOMS Cymru

    Grants
    Cardiff Metropolitan Univesity Foundation are exploring potential for further funding to support a postdoctoral researcher and a PhD student.  These posts would develop the collaboration with HMP Cardiff and NOMS Cymru to examine the contribution that SORI can make nationwide.

    Members
    Joselyn Sellen
    Daniel Heggs
    Jenny Mercer


  • Randomised control trial of a psycho-social intervention within detoxification unit at HMP Cardiff
    This project aims to explore whether a simple psycho-social intervention could be offered to prisoners or men held on remand and undergoing checmical detox, and whether there are any benefits of doing so. The intervention was largely borrowed from exisiting intervention techniques and involves substance misuse specific teaching (relapse prevention, relaxation techniques, harm minimisation) with simple problem solving (Stop & Think) and problem identification techniques (SPIDER). It also contains an element of mentoring with the group being introduced to the various services available to them in prison. Outcome measures include psychometric measures, relapse into substance misuse and a qualitative review of stakeholders.

    PhD Students/Researchers
    Amy Williams, Cardiff University, UK.

    Collaborators
    Professor Pamela Taylor, Cardiff University, UK

    Grants
    PI. Professor Taylor. Medical officer’s grant, Cardiff University, £10,000.

    Members
    Nicola Bowes


COMPLETED PROJECTS
  • Aggression and violence
    This research explores the utility of a newly developed psychometric measure of thinking related to aggression.  The study involved prisoners and non-offenders. The findings indicated that self reported violence and the psychmetric tool (Maudsley Violence Questionnaire) was significantly related and that regression analysis indicated that high scores on one factor of the psychometric (machismo) was predictive of self reported violence.

    Collaborators
    Dr Julian Walker, Consultant Clinical Psychologist, Fromeside Clinic, Bristol

    Selected Publications
    In preparation

    Members
    Nicola Bowes


  • Offender profiling and robbery
    This study explored whether current applications of offender profiling methodologies could be applied by clinicians working in correctional facilities with convicted and imprisoned robbery offenders. Seventy offenders files were reviewed and information gathered detailing specific offence behaviours and offender characteristics. Crime scene information, including offence behaviours were analysed to predict an offender’s previous convictions. Statistically significant associations were found between certain offence behaviours and offender previous convictions. Regression analysis further identified significant predictive findings, which may, if replicated, assist in the investigation of robbery offences. This appears to be the first pragmatic application of offender profiling methodologies by clinicians in correctional facilities to robbery offences. This provides a structure for more cohesive work between the Criminal Justice agencies in the UK; engaging the vast amount of information stored on convicted offenders held in prisons in order to assist Police officers in their investigation processes. The findings indicate simple changes to the recording systems which would significantly improve the information available and enhance opportunities for offender profiling strategies to be employed within correctional facilities.

    Collaborators
    Dr Alasdair Goodwill, University of Birmingham, UK

    Selected Publications
    In preparation

    Members
    Nicola Bowes